D.1.3 report on “Driving forces of farming systems and their impacts on CNP ratios and flows” is now online. This report focuses on (i) describing and understanding the conceptual/mechanistic relationships between driving forces of agricultural systems and their possible/likely impacts on C:N:P ratios and C, N and P coupling, and (ii) the simulation of the likely impacts of main driving forces on C:N:P ratios in agriculture.
First an overview of the current farming systems is provided in terms of farm type characteristics, livestock numbers, manure management and crop production. Chapter 4 provides a qualitative description of the driving forces of farming systems, based on a literature review, and a semi-quantitative analyses of the changes over time in farm structure. The main driving forces of European agriculture (markets, science & technology and policy) have led to the specialization, intensification, upscaling (enlargement) of farming systems, and to the introduction of treatment technology in the food production – consumption chain.
Read the full report here.